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This documentation relates to Opera's now deprecated .oex Extension API framework for Opera versions <= 12.15 and also provided by our OEX2NEX shim library.

For the latest Opera Extensions API documentation for Opera versions > 12.15 please consult the latest Opera Extensions API documentation online.


The icon attribute is a relative URL pointing to an internal image, or an absolute URL pointing to an external image. The allowed image formats are bmp, gif (not animated), ico, jpg, png and webp. For best results, the icon should be square and small — 16 pixels x 16 pixels is ideal.


DOMString contexts


The following example creates an item with an icon in the context menu to open links in private tabs. In other words, the item will appear only when a link is right-/Ctrl-clicked.

  The configuration file ('config.xml').
<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<widget xmlns="http://www.w3.org/ns/widgets">
    <feature name="opera:contextmenus"/>
// The background process (e.g. index.html)

if (opera.contexts.menu) {
  var menu = opera.contexts.menu;
  // Create a menu item properties object
  var itemProps = {
    title: 'Open link in private tab',
    contexts: ['link'],
    icon: 'images/private.png',
    onclick: function(event) {
      // Create a tab properties object
      var tabProps = {
        url: event.linkURL,
        private: true

      // Create a tab with the specified properties
      var tab = opera.extension.tabs.create(tabProps);

  // Create a menu item with the specified properties
  var item = menu.createItem(itemProps);
  // Add the menu item to the context menu